Miklas, Wilhelm

(1872–1956)
   A secondary school teacher and educational administrator, Miklas was a member of the Christian Social Party. His legislative career spanned the Habsburg Empire, where he sat in the Austrian imperial assembly from 1907 to 1918 and in the national assembly of the First Republic until 1928. He was president of the latter body from 1923 to 1928. He also acted as the deputy secretary for religious affairs from 1919 to 1920.
   In December 1928, Miklas was elected president of the First Austrian Republic and served in that office until the Anschluss with Germany in March 1938. It was in this office that he achieved a certain amount of notoriety. In 1933, the Austrian parliament dissolved itself through a series of procedural mishaps. Miklas could have called new elections to reconstitute the body but did not, preferring to have Austria governed under an enabling law established to meet emergency situations in wartime.
   In March 1938, with Nazi invasion of Austria imminent, Hermann Göring asked for the resignation of Chancellor Kurt Schuschnigg, to be replaced by the Austrian Nazi leader Arthur Seyss-Inquart (1892–1946). Miklas refused to comply. Nor would he sign the measure recognizing the Anschluss, preferring to resign.
   See also Government.

Historical dictionary of Austria. . 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Miklas, Wilhelm — ▪ president of Austria born Oct. 15, 1872, Krems, Austria died March 20, 1956, Vienna       statesman who served as president of the first Austrian republic (1928–38).       A member of the Christian Social Party, Miklas sat in the Reichsrat… …   Universalium

  • Miklas, Wilhelm — ► (1872 1956) Político austríaco. Fue presidente de la República en 1928 38 …   Enciclopedia Universal

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  • Wilhelm Miklas — (* 15. Oktober 1872 in Krems an der Donau (Niederösterreich); † 20. März 1956 in Wien) war ein österreichischer Politiker (CS) und Bundespräsident …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Wilhelm Miklas — Presidente de Austria …   Wikipedia Español

  • Wilhelm Klastersky — Wilhelm Klastersky, bis 3. April 1919 mit dem Adelsprädikat Edler von Festenstamm (* 6. Juli 1880 in Wien; † 24. Dezember 1961 ebenda), war Jurist und Kabinettsdirektor der Präsidentschaftskanzlei des Bundespräsidenten der Republik Österreich.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Wilhelm Miklas — Infobox President | name=Wilhelm Miklas nationality=Austrian small order=3rd Federal President of the Republic of Austria term start=December 10, 1928 term end=March 13, 1938 vicepresident= predecessor=Michael Hainisch successor=vacant Austria… …   Wikipedia

  • Miklas — Mịklas,   Wilhelm, österreichischer Politiker, * Krems an der Donau 15. 10. 1872, ✝ Wien 20. 3. 1956; Mitglied der Christlichsozialen Partei, 1907 18 Abgeordneter im Reichsrat, 1918 28 im österreichischen Nationalrat, war 1918 19 Mitglied des… …   Universal-Lexikon

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